A condition in which the force of the blood against the artery walls is too high.
Usually hypertension is defined as blood pressure above 140/90, and is considered severe if the pressure is above 180/120.
High blood pressure often has no symptoms. Over time, if untreated, it can cause health conditions, such as heart disease and stroke.
Eating a healthier diet with less salt, exercising regularly, and taking medications can help lower blood pressure.
High amounts of cholesterol in the blood.
High cholesterol can limit blood flow through your arteries. Sometimes, those deposits can break and form a clot that increases risk of heart attack or stroke. It's detected by a blood test.
High cholesterol has no symptoms.
Treatments include medications, a healthy diet, and exercise.
A condition in which blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be type 2 diabetes.
Without intervention, it's likely to become type 2 diabetes within 10 years.
Many people with prediabetes have no symptoms.
Progression from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes isn't inevitable. With lifestyle changes, weight loss, and medications, it's possible to bring a blood sugar level back to normal.
Preventive healthcare, or prophylaxis, consists of measures taken for the purposes of disease prevention. Disease and disability are affected by environmental factors, genetic predisposition, disease agents, and lifestyle choices, and are dynamic processes which begin before individuals realize they are affected.
Feeling overtired, with low energy and a strong desire to sleep that interferes with normal daily activities.
Fatigue can have causes that aren't due to underlying disease. Examples include lack of sleep, heavy exertion, jetlag, a large meal, or aging.
A hormone-secreting tumor on the pituitary gland.
The hormone-producing gland in the brain (pituitary gland) overproduces prolactin, decreasing the levels of some sex hormones. It's caused by a noncancerous tumor on the gland.
Common symptoms include breast discharge and irregular menstrual periods in women. Men may experience decreased sexual desire and breast enlargement. Prolactinoma can cause impaired vision and infertility.
Treatments include medications, surgery, and radiation.
Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP)
Pre-exposure prophylaxis is the use of medications to prevent the spread of disease in people who have not yet been exposed to a disease-causing agent, usually a virus. The term typically refers to the use of antiviral drugs as a strategy for the prevention of HIV/AIDS. PrEP is medicine taken to prevent getting HIV. PrEP is highly effective for preventing HIV when taken as prescribed.
Occurs when a man can't get or keep an erection firm enough for sexual intercourse.
Erectile dysfunction can be a sign of a physical or psychological condition. It can cause stress, relationship strain, and low self-confidence.
The main symptom is a man's inability to get or keep an erection firm enough for sexual intercourse.
Patients suffering from erectile dysfunction should first be evaluated for any underlying physical and psychological conditions. If treatment of the underlying conditions doesn't help, medications and assistive devices, such as pumps, can be prescribed.
Type 2 Diabetes
(Also called: adult onset diabetes)
A chronic condition that affects the way the body processes blood sugar (glucose).
With type 2 diabetes, the body either doesn't produce enough insulin, or it resists insulin.
Symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, hunger, fatigue, and blurred vision. In some cases, there may be no symptoms.
Treatments include diet, exercise, medication, and insulin therapy.
A disorder involving excessive body fat that increases the risk of health problems.
Obesity often results from taking in more calories than are burned by exercise and normal daily activities.
Obesity occurs when a person's body mass index is 30 or greater. The main symptom is excessive body fat, which increases the risk of serious health problems.
The mainstay of treatment is lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise.
A condition in which bones become weak and brittle.
The body constantly absorbs and replaces bone tissue. With osteoporosis, new bone creation doesn't keep up with old bone removal.
Many people have no symptoms until they have a bone fracture.
Treatment includes medications, healthy diet, and weight-bearing exercise to help prevent bone loss or strengthen already weak bones.
HIV / AIDS Services
(also called: human immunodeficiency virus, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome)
HIV causes AIDS and interferes with the body's ability to fight infections.
The virus can be transmitted through contact with infected blood, semen, or vaginal fluids.
Within a few weeks of HIV infection, flu-like symptoms such as fever, sore throat, and fatigue can occur. Then the disease is usually asymptomatic until it progresses to AIDS. AIDS symptoms include weight loss, fever or night sweats, fatigue, and recurrent infections.
No cure exists for AIDS, but strict adherence to anti-retroviral therapy (ART) can dramatically slow the disease's progress, prevent secondary infections and complications, and prolong life.